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HomeTren&dHow to Draw a Scenery: A Step-by-Step Guide

How to Draw a Scenery: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a beautiful scenery through drawing can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. Whether you are an aspiring artist or simply looking for a new hobby, learning how to draw a scenery can provide you with a creative outlet and a way to express your imagination. In this article, we will guide you through the process of drawing a scenery, from selecting the right materials to adding intricate details. So, let’s dive in!

Materials Needed

Before we begin, it is important to gather the necessary materials. Here are the essential tools you will need:

  • Pencils: A set of graphite pencils ranging from 2H to 6B will allow you to achieve different shades and textures.
  • Paper: Choose a high-quality drawing paper that is suitable for your preferred drawing technique.
  • Eraser: A kneaded eraser is ideal for making subtle corrections and lightening areas of your drawing.
  • Blending Stump: This tool helps to blend and smudge graphite, creating smooth transitions and textures.
  • Reference Image: Find a photograph or picture of a scenery that inspires you. This will serve as your reference throughout the drawing process.

Step 1: Sketching the Basic Shapes

Start by lightly sketching the basic shapes of the scenery using a 2H pencil. This step is crucial as it helps you establish the composition and proportions of your drawing. Pay attention to the placement of objects and their relative sizes. Remember, this initial sketch is just a guide, so keep your lines loose and easy to erase if needed.

Step 2: Adding Details and Textures

Once you are satisfied with the overall composition, start adding details to your drawing. Begin with the larger elements such as mountains, trees, or buildings. Use a range of pencils, from 2B to 6B, to create depth and contrast. Apply light pressure for lighter areas and increase pressure for darker areas.

To add textures, observe the reference image closely and replicate the patterns and shapes you see. For example, if you are drawing a tree, use short, jagged strokes to represent the texture of the bark. Experiment with different pencil techniques, such as cross-hatching or stippling, to achieve various textures in your scenery.

Step 3: Shading and Blending

Shading is an essential technique in creating depth and dimension in your drawing. Use a combination of hatching and cross-hatching to indicate areas of light and shadow. Pay attention to the direction of light in your reference image and use it as a guide for shading.

After shading, use a blending stump or your finger to blend the graphite and create smooth transitions between different values. This technique helps to soften harsh lines and create a more realistic appearance.

Step 4: Adding Color (Optional)

If you prefer to add color to your scenery, you can use colored pencils or watercolors to enhance your drawing. Start by applying light washes of color and gradually build up the intensity. Remember to use a light touch and layer the colors to achieve the desired effect.

Step 5: Final Touches and Details

Once you have completed the main elements of your scenery, take a step back and evaluate your drawing. Look for any areas that need refinement or additional details. Use a kneaded eraser to lighten areas or make corrections, and add fine details using a sharp pencil.

Pay attention to small details such as reflections, textures, or highlights that can bring your scenery to life. Take your time with this step, as it is the finishing touches that can make a significant difference in the overall quality of your drawing.


Drawing a scenery can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By following these steps and practicing regularly, you can improve your drawing skills and create stunning landscapes. Remember to start with the basic shapes, add details and textures, shade and blend, and add color if desired. Don’t forget the final touches and details that can elevate your drawing to the next level. So, grab your pencils and paper, find a beautiful scenery, and let your creativity flow!


1. Can I use a different type of paper for drawing a scenery?

While it is recommended to use a high-quality drawing paper, you can experiment with different types of paper to achieve different effects. For example, watercolor paper can be used if you plan to add watercolor washes to your drawing.

2. How long does it take to master drawing a scenery?

Mastering any skill takes time and practice. The time it takes to become proficient in drawing a scenery varies from person to person. Consistent practice and dedication are key to improving your skills.

3. Can I draw a scenery without a reference image?

While it is possible to draw a scenery from imagination, using a reference image can provide valuable guidance and help you achieve a more realistic result. It is recommended to use a reference image, especially if you are a beginner.

4. What are some common mistakes to avoid when drawing a scenery?

Some common mistakes to avoid when drawing a scenery include neglecting the importance of composition, rushing through the initial sketch, using too much pressure while shading, and not paying attention to details. Take your time and be patient throughout the drawing process.

5. Can I use digital tools to draw a scenery?

Yes, digital tools such as graphic tablets and drawing software can be used to draw a scenery. These tools offer a wide range of features and allow for easy editing and experimentation. However, if you are a beginner, it is recommended to start with traditional drawing materials before transitioning to digital tools.